The Bank of Canada announced this morning that it is holding the target for its overnight rate at 0.5 per cent. In the press release accompanying the decision, the Bank noted that uncertainty in the global outlook, particularly with regard to policies in the United States, is undiminished. The Canadian economy is forecast to grow 2.1 per cent in both 2017 and 2018, implying the Canadian economy will return to full capacity in mid-2018. On inflation, the Bank noted that it continued to be lower than expected but should return to it 2 per cent target in coming months.
Political uncertainty in the United States will likely govern the direction of both policy rates and long-term bond yields over the next year. The interest rate on 5-year government of Canada bonds has risen to its highest point in a year, which is adding upward pressure to mortgage rates offered by Canadian lenders. While the Canadian economy is forecast to post steady growth in 2017, overall slack in the Canadian economy remains persistent. Without a significant uptick in economic growth, inflation will likely continue to trend at or below the Bank's 2 per cent target. That, along with lingering uncertainty, will keep the Bank sidelined through 2017 with a chance of lowering its target rate should current downside risks to the economy become realized.
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